Sights in Moscow
A park, located at the western wall of the Moscow Kremlin. It stretches from the Revolyutsii Square to the Kremlin Embankment. The park was founded in 1812. The park consists of three parts: the Upper, Middle and Lower Gardens. It features such historical objects as the Kremlin's Kutafya Tower, the Italian Grotto, the obelisk in honor of the 300th Anniversary of the House of Romanov and more. The Post #1 of the Honor Guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier has been located here since 1997.
The Armoury Chamber, a treasure-house, is a part of the Grand Kremlin Palace's complex. It is situated in the building constructed in 1851 by architect Konstantin Ton. The museum collections were based on the precious items that had been preserved for centuries in the tsars' treasury and the Patriarch's vestry. Some of the exhibits were made in the Kremlin's workshops, others were accepted as ambassadorial gifts.
One of the largest theatres in Russia and one of the most significant in the world of opera and ballet. In action since 1825, the Bolshoi firmly holds its position as the leading cultural establishment in Russia. Mos-Tour offers both walking tours (that include views of the Bolshoi) and guided excursions behind the scene!
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is the largest Orthodox cathedral in Russia, being of at least the same importance to Moscow as the Kremlin and Red Square. The history of Russia of the 19th and 20th centuries is mirrored in the history of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. This majestic memorial cathedral erected on the bank of the Moskva River opposite the Kremlin was built to gratify God for saving Russia from Napoleon’s invasion.
The Cathedral of the Archangel of the Moscow Kremlin was built in the early 16th century and dedicated to the Archangel Michael, the leader of God’s armies and the guardian of Paradise. In the past, it was the main necropolis of the grand princes of Moscow, as well as the site of funeral services. Very few people not related to the tsar’s family were granted the honour of burial inside the Cathedral of the Archangel.
The Cathedral of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God was built in the mid-17th century as the tsar’s family chapel to commemorate the release of Moscow from the Poles. It also symbolised the Tsars Romanov dynasty. In the 17th century, the church was adjoined to the palace with wooden passages. This is an active church.
The Chambers of the Romanov Boyars museum is situated in an historic building comprising of 15-17th century chambers near the Kremlin. It is part of a unique medieval architectural ensemble in Varvarka street. The chambers are thought to be the birthplace of the first tsar of the Romanov dynasty Mikhail Fyodorovich.
The famous Chistye Prudy are rich and attractive not only with an amazing history, but also with their interesting constructions: theaters, restaurants, fitness clubs, cinemas, business centers and shops. Especially these places attract beautiful and convenient park areas for hiking. Chistoprudny Boulevard from large transport highways is fenced off and is a quite quiet and cozy place for a relaxing holiday.
The Church of the Great Martyr Barbara, which lent its name to one of Moscow's oldest streets, was built on this site in 1514 by the Italian architect Aloisio the New to a commission from the rich "surozhane" (people who came from the merchant town of Surozh, now Sudak) Vasily Bobr, Fyodor Vepr and Yushka Urvikhvostov (it is thought that Yushka was a nickname of Ivan Bobrishchev).
The Diamond Fund – this is where Russia’s unique jewellery is kept. Catherine II’s big Imperial crown and a diamond brooch from her coronation cloak, the famous 136-carat emerald, Ceylon 260-carat sapphire, and the Orlov and Shakh giant diamonds. There’s also unique jewellery, like the Bouquet of Daffodils and the Big Bouquet. The museum has the biggest diamonds and unique gold nuggets.
The Dormition Cathedral (or the Assumption Cathedral) of the Moscow Kremlin was the key Orthodox cathedral of the Russian state in the 15th–19th centuries. It is where all the emperors of the Romanov dynasty were coronated. The cathedral was the burial place for the Metropolitans and, later, for the Patriarchs of Moscow. This is one of Russia’s oldest and most remarkable cultural and historic monuments, a symbol of ancient Russian architecture.
The Grand Kremlin Palace is a unique architectural ensemble and famous Moscow landmarks. It used to serve as the residential chambers of emperors and members of their families, and today it has the status of the grand residence of the President of Russia. The palace is open only for guided tours according to a schedule approved by the Federal Protective Service in advance. The emperor’ private chambers with authentic furnishings, a throne and order halls, luxurious interiors and murals – the palace never fails to impress with its beauty and grandeur.
Hotel Ukraina is one the famous seven buildings in Moscow that are known as “Stalinist skyscrapers” or “Seven Sisters”. Their special, highly distinguished style characterizes to a large degree the appearance of downtown Moscow serving as a striking architectural landmark of Russia’s capital. This 29-floor building is 200 meters height, has great location and amazing views over the Moskva River.
In 1912 building engineer Ernst- Richard Karlowicz [Nirnzee] submitted an application to the Moscow to obtain permission for the construction of a 9-story house in the Bolshoi Gnezdnikovskom Pereulok. He presented the project of rental housing unit (where the apartments are hired by tenants for a specific period), in which could settle well-off people, particularly small-sized cheap apartments of bachelors and small families.
The House on the Embankment is a block-wide apartment house in downtown Moscow, Russia. It faces Bersenevskaya Embankment on one side and Serafimovicha Street on the other side. It was completed in 1931 as the Government Building, a residence for the Soviet elite. It was designed by Boris Iofan.
Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building is one of seven Stalinist skyscrapers laid down in September 1947 and fully completed in 1952, designed by Dmitry Chechulin (then Chief Architect of Moscow) and Andrei Rostkovsky. The main tower has 32 levels (including mechanical floors) and is 176 metres (577 ft) tall.
One of the most memorable buildings of the Stalinist period in Moscow is a building located on the Kudrinskaya Square overlooking Sadovoye Koltso (the Garden Ring). Ashot Mndoyants and Mikhail Posokin, architects responsible for unique design of the building, started their work on the project in 1948. The skyscraper was completed in 1954 after Stalin’s death. This striking building in the very center of the capital has 25 floors in total and is 160 meter high.
The Kutafya Tower is an outlying barbican tower of the Moscow Kremlin. It was built in the early 16th century to protect the bridge over the Neglinnaya River leading to the Troitskaya Tower. The Kutafya Tower had two combat tiers (the divider between them was destroyed in 1780); the upper landing was equipped with gun-slots for plunging fire at the enemy at the foot of the tower.
It seems like there no other reminder of the Soviet era is more distinctive than the monumental building of the Mausoleum in Red Square. The embalmed body of Vladimir Lenin, the main organiser and leader of the 1917 October Revolution a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks with Vladimir Lenin as a leader that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917, rests here, at the very heart of the capital.
The gothic Stalin skyscrapers commonly referred to as the Seven Sisters is the Leningradskaya Hotel which is located just off Komsomolskaya Ploschad and close to the three railway stations. The hotel was built between 1949 and 1954 and, although it is the smallest of the seven sisters, it still has 17 floors and stands at 136 metres high. Today the hotel is run as the Hilton Moscow Leningradksaya.
The circular stone platform which stands before St. Basil's was constructed in 1598, on the site where a wooden dais had previously stood. The platform and its predecessor were used for proclamations to the crowds gathered on Red Square and not, as is often claimed, for public executions. The most famous of these – the quartering of Cossack rebel Stepan Razin, Ivan the Terrible's gruesomely inventive torture of hostile boyars, and Peter the Great's mass execution of the Stresltsy Kremlin guard, all took place nearby.
The Melnikov House, a building designed by architect Konstantin Melnikov in Moscow for him and his family (1927-1929), is the first house in Russia to join the international Iconic Houses Network, comprising around 150 landmark houses from the 20th century that have a significant meaning in modern architecture and are open to the public. For the Melnikov House that started to open its door for small public tours (up to 5 persons) on December 3, 2014 as a first step in dissemination of the work of its architect Konstantin Melnikov.
The church is built on the order of A. Menshikov apparently by I. Zarudny. It belongs to the stepped church type common for Moscow architecture of the end of the XVII century, but is worked out in absolutely new, quite European forms. Originally the church quadragle carried the open arcuated octagons topped with a 30 meters spire with an angel's statue. The building overtopped Ivan the Great Bell Tower in Kremlin for more than tree meters.
The building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MID in Russian) is one of seven skyscrapers dating from the early 1950s. The MID building was designed by the architects M.A. Minkus and Vladimir Georgiyevich Gelfreikh. The skyscraper has 27 levels and is 172 metres (564 ft) tall. It's covered by a light external stone wall with projecting pilasters and pylons. The interior is decorated with stones and metals. A metal spire tops the tower's roof, assimilating its silhouette with those of the other six Sisters.