Sights in Moscow
Monument to Minin and Pozharsky
The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky is a bronze statue on Red Square in Moscow, Russia, in front of Saint Basil's Cathedral. The statue commemorates Prince Dmitry Pozharsky and Kuzma Minin, who gathered an all-Russian volunteer army and expelled the forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth under the command of King Sigismund III of Poland from Moscow, thus putting an end to the Time of Troubles in 1612.
Probably the prettiest building on Ulitsa Vozdvizhenka is the Mansion of Arseni Morozov which is better known as the House of Friendship or Europe House. After travelling around Portugal and Spain, Arseni Morozov decided to build himself an extravagant mansion in Moscow. The bizarre building was designed by Viktor Mazyrin and constructed between 1895 and 1899.
Located on the Borovitsky hill on the left bank of the Moskva River, the Kremlin is the most famous attraction of Moscow. For many years, it was the center of the state and the center of power in Russia. Russian tsars used to rule the country from here; right now it is the residence of the President of the Russian Federation. It is the most visited place in Moscow together with the Red Square.
Museum of Cosmonautics
The Museum of Cosmonautics – one of the largest research and technology museums in the world – is located on the ground floor of the Monument to Conquerors of Space (VDNKh metro station). In the museum, you can see exhibits testifying the first achievements and success of national space exploration, including the first spacesuits, the first artificial satellites of the Earth, spacecraft for Moon exploration and exploration of other planets of the solar system.
The Novodevichy Convent in Moscow is one of the key Orthodox complexes that played a crucial role in the history of religion and public life of Russia. At the same time, this monastery is one of the most beautiful architectural monuments in the country, a true masterpiece of the 16th–17th centuries. The Novodevichy Convent and cemetery were proclaimed a UNESCO World Heritage Site as they are an outstanding example of Moscow Baroque architecture.
Old English Court
The Chambers of the Old English Court are a unique architectural landmark of Moscow. This is one of the oldest examples of civic architecture dating back to the 15–early 16th centuries. That was a time of active stone construction work in the Kremlin and the redevelopment of the adjacent Veliky Posad, now renamed Kitay-Gorod, where two sets of stone chambers were built– the Chambers of the Romanov Boyars and the Chambers of the Bobrishchev Boyars, the latter now called the Old English Court.
Old Merchant Court
The Old Merchant Court in Moscow occupies a substantial portion of Kitai-gorod, as the old merchant district is known. It located near the famous Red Square about few hundred metres. Formerly accommodating both shops and warehouses, it was constructed of brick in the 1590s and underwent significant modifications from 1638–41. As the Russian capital expanded and the old structure became overcrowded, a new indoor market was completed nearby in 1665.
Ostankino TV Tower
The 540-meter Ostankino TV Tower is one of the symbols of Moscow. The tower is the eighth in the top ten of the world's tallest structures, and also the first in Europe and the fourth in the world among the highest TV towers. Its construction, which lasted seven years, was completed in 1967. In 2000, the tower caught fire, resulting in burnout of its three floors.
Rising above the city just opposite the Borovitskaya Kremlin Tower, right in the centre of the capital is one of Moscow’s most beautiful mansions – Pyotr Pashkov’s house, built in 1786. This building is one of the most significant architectural landmarks of the 18th century, a masterpiece of the epoch of classicism. It stands on Vagankovsky Hill at the junction of Mokhovaya and Znamenka streets and is not overlaid by more modern buildings. Its position allows you to see it in detail in the best perspective.
Petroff (Petrovsky) Palace
Petrovsky Palace was built for Catherine the Great and designed by the famous Russian architect Matvei Kazakov in 1775-82. It was meant to be the last overnight station of royal journeys from St. Petersburg to Moscow, hear the empress had a chance to rest before entering Moscow. In the 19th century Petrovsky Palace witnessed many official ceremonies, it was from here that Russian tsars began their journeys to the Kremlin for their coronation.
The Victory Park on the Poklonnaya Hill is one of the largest memorial complexes in Russia and abroad. The memorial dedicated to the Victory in the Great Patriotic War was opened on May 9, 1995 between Kutuzovsky Prospekt Avenue and Minskaya Street, but the Victory Park was made here much earlier – in 1961. The Poklonnaya Hill was mentioned for the first time in written sources of the 14th century. It was here where Napoleon unsuccessfully waited for keys to the city to be brought to him in 1812.
Pushkin Drama Theatre
The Moscow Pushkin Drama Theatre is a pioneer theatre company, boasting a rich and creative history. Many outstanding actors have performed on its stage in the one hundred years since it opened. These actors include G. Burkov, V. Vysotsky, Y. Gorobets, O. Borisov, Y. Barinov, F. Ranevskaya and A. Porokhovshchikov. Actors from the Pushkin theatre’s present-day troupe are also well-known in Russia; they are often seen in films and on television and their performance is a draw-card for audiences.
The famous square has been the setting or numerous ceremonies, and Tsar’s orders were announced here since the 16th century. In 1945, the WW II victory parade took place here. The Mausoleum was constructed both as a resting place for Vladimir Lenin, the USSR founder, and as a tribune to the communist leaders.
Russian State Library
The Russian State Library (RSL) is the largest library in Russia, the second largest library in the world. It was founded in 1862 and was a part of the Moscow Public and Rumyantsev Museums. From the moment of foundation the Library has been receiving the legal deposit copies of all publications released in Russia.
Skyscraper at Krasnye Vorota
The massive Administrative and Residential Building at Krasnye Vorota is one of the gothic Stalin skyscrapers commonly referred to as the Seven Sisters. It was built between 1947 and 1952 and has 24 floors in the central part. During the Soviet era the Ministry of Transport Construction was based here, but now the building holds the head office of Transstroy Corporation and residential apartments.
St. Basil's Cathedral
It is one of the most significant monuments of Old Russian architecture of the 16th century. The Intercession Cathedral has unique wall paintings, an impressive collection of Old Russian icon painting and masterpieces of church art. The interiors of the ensemble of ten churches reflect the four-century history of the church.
State Duma of the Russian Federation
The building of the State Duma of the Russian Federation on Hunter's Row was built in 1935 to form a new image of the capital. Here at different times housed the Council of Labor and Defense, the State Planning Commission and the Council of Ministers. The building became a true symbol of Moscow.
The Tsar Bell
The Tsar Bell was cast in 1733-1735 on the order of Empress Anna Ioannovna by hereditary Muscovy casters and bell founders Ivan Motorin and his son Mikhail. Up till now, the Tsar Bell is considered to be the biggest one in the world. It weighs about 202 ton, it is 6.14 meter high and its diameter is 6.6 meters. The history of making the bell is full of many difficulties, failures, and disasters.
The Tsar Cannon
The Tsar Cannon is a unique item of the Kremlin’s artillery collection. It was created in 1586 in Moscow's Cannon Court by eminent Russian cannon-caster Andrei Chokhov on the order of Tsar Feodor Ioannovich, the sovereign ruler of All Great Russia. The Tsar Cannon is located at the west side of Ivanovskaya Square, between the 'Ivan the Great' Bell Tower and the Twelve Apostles' Church.
The State Tretyakov Gallery is one of Russia’s largest art galleries. In contrast to the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts with its extensive collection of foreign art, the Tretyakov Gallery mainly exhibits classical Russian art – paintings, sculptures, icons, and works of decorative arts and crafts dating from the 11th to the early 20th century.
Trinity Church in Nikitniki
Hidden out of view among the government buildings on Staraya Ploschad is the Trinity Church in Nikitniki, which is a stunningly beautiful example of the architectural style known as Moscow Uzorochie - a Russian type of elaborate baroque. Its images can be found in every textbook of architecture, and over the facades and interiors have worked best artists of his era.
Tsar Peter the Great’s Cabin
Tsar Peter the Great’s Cabin located not far from the Tsar’s Courtyard. This is an authentic small house where the Tsar lived for almost two months during his stay in Arkhangelsk, where he supervised ship construction on the Northern Dvina River and the creation of the Novodvinskaya Fortress The house was moved to Moscow in the 1930s. The interior has been restored to resemble what it was like when the Tsar lived there. The permanent exhibition features portraits of the Tsar’s family, drawings, maps, books, and other objects.
Upper Trading Rows (GUM)
The State Department Store is a shopping mall which houses about a hundred premium class stores, cafes, and restaurants. This is the best-known shopping centre in Russia, and it has been an integral part of the architectural ensemble of Red Square for over a century. The GUM’s front facade marks its boundary opposite the Kremlin. The store itself is also a monument of Russian Art Nouveau architecture, which makes a walk along its arcades a pleasure to luxury shopping lovers and art connoisseurs alike.
In the heart of the old Arbat stands a beautiful columned building, the Vakhtangov Theatre, famous for its deeply intellectual performances. Its renowned troupe, talented directors, varied repertoire and deep-rooted traditions have made the theatre popular with Muscovites and visitors to Russia’s capital for the past 95 years. A large colonnaded building, loved by many generations of Muscovites, is located in the center of Arbat (Old) Street. This building is owned by the remarkable Vakhtangov Theatre.